Limits of Ten Important Natural Resources for Human Survival

Natural resources have intrinsic limits due to their finite availability and the Earth’s finite capacity to replenish them. These limits are determined by various factors such as geological processes, climatic conditions, and biological interactions. People sometimes ignore these limits for several reasons: lack of awareness or understanding, short-term thinking, economic incentives, technological optimism, and shortage denial or avoidance.

1. Water:

Limited freshwater resources: Only about 2.5% of the world’s water is freshwater, and a significant portion of it is not accessible for human use.

Unequal distribution: Water scarcity affects many regions, particularly those in arid and drought-prone areas, leading to conflicts over water resources.

Pollution: Water pollution from industrial activities, agriculture, and inadequate sanitation systems poses a threat to the availability of clean water.


2. Air:

Air pollution: The emission of pollutants from various sources, such as power plants, vehicles, and industrial processes, deteriorates the quality of air, leading to respiratory and other health problems.

Depletion of ozone layer: Human activities have caused the depletion of the ozone layer, resulting in increased exposure to harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation.


3. Soil:

Land degradation: The expansion of agriculture, deforestation, urbanization, and unsustainable land practices contribute to erosion, loss of topsoil, and reduced agricultural productivity.

Soil contamination: Pollution from industrial activities, improper waste disposal, and the use of pesticides and fertilizers can contaminate the soil, impacting food safety and ecosystem health.


4. Forests:

Deforestation: Clearing of forests for agriculture, logging, and urban expansion reduces biodiversity, disrupts ecosystems, and contributes to climate change.

Habitat loss: Destruction of forests leads to the displacement or extinction of numerous plant and animal species, resulting in an imbalance in ecosystems.


5. Fossil fuels (coal, oil, natural gas):

Limited reserves: Fossil fuels are non-renewable resources and their extraction is finite, with reserves being depleted over time.

Climate change: Burning fossil fuels releases greenhouse gases, contributing to global warming, climate change, and related environmental consequences.


6. Minerals:

Extraction challenges: Some minerals are located in remote or politically unstable regions, making their extraction difficult and costly.

Human rights abuses: Mineral extraction can be associated with conflicts, human rights abuses, and unethical practices, particularly in regions where mining regulations are weak.


7. Biodiversity:

Loss of species: Human activities, including deforestation, pollution, habitat destruction, and climate change, lead to the extinction of plant and animal species, reducing overall biodiversity.

Disruption of ecosystems: The loss of key species and disrupted ecological balance can result in negative consequences for ecosystems, such as reduced pollination, pest control, and nutrient cycling.


8. Renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydro, etc.):

Location-dependent: Not all regions have suitable conditions to harness renewable energy sources effectively, limiting their widespread implementation.

Technological limitations: Despite advancements, renewable energy technologies still face challenges regarding efficiency, cost, and energy storage.


9. Fish and marine resources:

Overfishing: Unsustainable fishing practices, including large-scale and illegal fishing, have depleted fish stocks in many areas, jeopardizing food security and the livelihoods of communities dependent on fishing.

Pollution and habitat destruction: Pollution from industrial and agricultural activities, as well as destruction of coastal habitats, pose threats to marine ecosystems and the survival of various species.


10. Arable land and agricultural resources:

Land degradation: Unsustainable agricultural practices, deforestation, and climate change lead to soil erosion and degradation, reducing the availability of productive arable land.

Food security: Growing global population and changing diets put pressure on agricultural resources, requiring sustainable practices and innovative solutions to ensure sufficient food production.



Addressing the issues with limited natural resources requires a combination of factors, including education, sustainable practices, responsible policies, and collective action. Recognizing and respecting the limits of natural resources is crucial for the long-term well-being of societies and the health of the planet.

Dusty Shore

Dusty Shore is a contributing author who joined the Newsi8 team in 2023. She likes very old music and long walks on the carpet.

You Might Like ...

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

News i8