Top Ten Threats to Peace, Five Expert’s Picks

We asked five different peace experts to weigh in with their top ten threats to peace, and here is what we got:

Answer 1

Professor Neil Amstaid, of the Peace College at Northrop Moon base:

1. Nuclear weapons and proliferation: The existence and spread of nuclear weapons pose a significant threat to global peace as their destructive power can lead to catastrophic consequences in the event of their use.

2. Terrorism: Acts of terrorism by extremist groups, such as bombings, hijackings, and mass shootings, create an atmosphere of fear, disrupts societies, and challenges the stability of nations.

3. Global conflicts and wars: Ongoing armed conflicts and wars, whether internal or between nations, not only result in loss of life but also cause mass displacement, economic instability, and political instability, posing a threat to peace.

4. Political instability and regime change: Political instability, coupled with frequent changes in government and potential abuse of power, can cause unrest, protests, and civil disruptions, jeopardizing peace within a country.

5. Ethnic and religious tensions: Deep-seated ethnic or religious divisions, intolerance, and discrimination can escalate into violent conflicts, leading to displacement, human rights abuses, and communal violence.

6. Cybersecurity threats: The increasing reliance on technology and interconnectedness of societies has made them vulnerable to cyber threats, including cyberattacks, hacking, and information warfare, which can disrupt economies, destabilize governments, and undermine trust between nations.

7. Climate change and resource scarcity: The depletion of natural resources, water scarcity, and climate change-induced disasters can lead to competition, conflicts over resources, mass migration, and displacement, which in turn can threaten peaceful coexistence.

8. Economic inequality: Widening income disparity, poverty, and lack of economic opportunities can create social unrest, leading to protests, civil disobedience, and tensions between different socio-economic groups.

9. Corruption and organized crime: Corruption undermines institutions, erodes trust in governance, and fosters a culture of lawlessness. It can facilitate the rise of organized crime networks, drug trafficking, and money laundering, which can fuel violence and instability.

10. Disinformation and manipulation: The dissemination of fake news, disinformation, and propaganda can stoke tensions between communities, polarize societies, and undermine trust in institutions and democratic processes, potentially leading to social unrest and violence.

Answer 2

Major Corporal Puntosh Amobabi, of the Seattle Center for Reliable Peace Integration Studies and Home Cooking School.

Ranking threats to peace is a complex task as it depends on various factors, including geopolitical contexts, local conflicts, cultural differences, economic disparities, and historical tensions. However, taking into account both the dramatic events bias and actual statistics, the following ranking can be considered:

1. Nuclear Weapons Proliferation: The existence and proliferation of nuclear weapons pose a significant risk to global peace due to the potential for accidental or intentional deployment, regional conflicts, and the possibility of falling into the hands of non-state actors.

2. International Terrorism: While the overall number of deaths caused by terrorism has decreased in recent years, it still remains a significant threat, particularly in certain regions. The evolving nature of terrorist organizations and their ability to exploit social and political grievances makes it an ongoing concern.

3. Regional Conflicts: Ongoing regional conflicts, like the ones in Syria, Yemen, and Afghanistan, can destabilize entire regions, cause immense human suffering, and have a potential spillover effect, making them a significant threat to peace. However, it is important to note that conflict-related fatalities have seen a decline globally in recent decades.

4. Political Instability/Coup d’État: While political instability and coups occur periodically in different parts of the world, they are relatively less common or declining in many regions. However, when they do happen, they can cause significant disruption, impacting peace and stability.

5. Economic Inequality and Disparities: Socioeconomic disparities are a persistent threat to peace, contributing to social unrest, political instability, and conflicts. Inequality, both within and between nations, can breed grievances, exacerbate tensions, and lead to violence if not adequately addressed.

6. Disruptive Technologies: The rapid advancement of technologies like artificial intelligence (AI), autonomous weapons, and robotics, without proper regulations or protocols, could potentially lead to unintended consequences or an arms race, raising concerns about global stability.

7. Nationalism and Populism: The rise of nationalist and populist movements in different countries, often fueled by economic grievances or social tensions, can lead to increased polarization, erosion of international alliances, and strained diplomatic relations.

8. Disinformation and Fake News: Manipulation of information and spread of false narratives leading to social unrest and conflicts.

9. Failed States: Nations facing political instability, corruption, weak governance, and the inability to provide basic services to their citizens.

10. Arms Trade: Unregulated arms sales and illegal arms trafficking, fueling conflicts and violence in various regions.

This ranking is my view from my look at the data. It may not encompass all potential threats to peace. Additionally, the prioritization of these threats may vary depending on specific regional and global contexts.

Answer 3

Andora B Calsco of the Federated Scientific Cooperative for Peace Integration in Liverpool, UK.

While ranking threats to world peace can be subjective, here is one possible ranking based on commonly perceived threats:

1. Nuclear Weapons: The existence and potential use of nuclear weapons poses a significant threat to world peace. The possibility of nuclear conflicts among rival nations or non-state actors can have catastrophic consequences.

2. Terrorism: The rise of global terrorism by extremist groups, fueled by radical ideologies and political grievances, continues to pose a significant threat. Acts of terror can destabilize regions, ignite conflicts, and breed fear and insecurity worldwide.

3. Conflicts and Wars: Ongoing armed conflicts and wars, particularly those involving major powers or proxy wars with diverse interests, contribute to global instability. These conflicts often lead to widespread displacement, human rights abuses, and political and economic instability.

4. Climate Change: The effects of climate change, including resource scarcity, natural disasters, and potential displacement of populations, can exacerbate existing tensions and trigger conflicts over dwindling resources like water and arable land.

5. Cyber Warfare: The increasing sophistication of cyber warfare capabilities allows nation-states and non-state actors to disrupt critical infrastructure and institutions, leading to potential destabilization and conflicts in the cyber domain.

6. Ethnic and Religious Tensions: Deep-rooted ethnic and religious conflicts within and between nations can contribute to violence, civil unrest, and even broader regional conflicts. These tensions often result from historical grievances, inequality, and political marginalization.

7. Economic Inequalities: Widening global economic disparities can fuel societal unrest, political instability, and conflicts. Unequal distribution of wealth, resources, and opportunities, especially when combined with high levels of poverty and corruption, can be a source of tension and potential conflict.

8. Inter-State Rivalries: Growing strategic rivalries among major global powers, like the United States, China, and Russia, can increase the likelihood of conflicts and exacerbate existing regional disputes. Competition for resources, influence, and geopolitical control can lead to tensions and instability.

9. Political Instability: Weak governance, corruption, lack of democracy, and authoritarian regimes in various countries are potential sources of regional conflicts and can even contribute to international tensions.

10. Resource Scarcity: Competition over dwindling resources, such as water, agricultural land, or minerals, can lead to conflicts, especially in regions that are already politically or economically unstable.

It is important to note that this ranking is my subjective view and may vary depending on different perspectives and changing global dynamics.

Answer 4

Gespachi Barhopis, The Peace Group of Verona, Italy

Here is my general ranking of threats to world peace, which might be considered based on common concerns and factors that impact global stability.

1. Nuclear Weapons: The possibility of nuclear war or the proliferation of nuclear weapons is often considered the most significant threat to world peace. The potential for catastrophic consequences escalates the urgency to disarmament efforts and nuclear non-proliferation agreements.

2. Terrorism: The ongoing threat of global terrorism by non-state actors, extremist organizations, or lone individuals can significantly destabilize regions and impact the world economy. Efforts to counter terrorism and promote global security are of significant concern to many billionaires.

3. Climate Change: The effects of climate change pose substantial risks, including global conflicts over resources, forced migrations due to environmental disasters, and increased social instability. Addressing climate change is often considered a priority in maintaining global peace and stability.

4. Global Economic Inequality: Rising income disparities and poverty levels can instigate various social and economic challenges, potentially leading to civil unrest, conflicts, and even war. Billionaires may recognize the significance of global efforts to reduce poverty and diminish economic inequality as vital for long-term stability.

5. Cybersecurity: With the increasing reliance on interconnected digital systems, cyber threats, including hacking, data breaches, and cyber warfare, are major concerns for all countries. Billionaires may consider investing in cybersecurity efforts to mitigate these threats.

6. Political Instability: Weak institutions, corruption, and political unrest in various countries can lead to regional conflicts or directly impact global peace. Promoting good governance, transparency, and regional stability could be priorities from a billionaire’s perspective.

7. Water Scarcity: The scarcity of clean water can lead to conflicts over resources, exacerbating existing tensions and jeopardizing regional stability. Billionaires concerned about global peace may focus on supporting initiatives that address water scarcity and water management.

8. Pandemics and Global Health: Global health crises, such as pandemics or outbreaks of untreatable diseases, can have severe economic and social impacts, potentially leading to geopolitical tensions and conflicts. Biological security and public health are thus areas of importance.

9. Trade Wars: The rise of protectionism, trade disputes, and economic conflicts between major powers, such as the US-China trade war, can destabilize global economies and lead to diplomatic tensions.

10. Collapse of Fragile States: The failure of governance structures, declining economies, and internal conflicts in fragile states can create power vacuums, fuel terrorism, extremism, and contribute to the refugee crisis, destabilizing entire regions.

This ranking provided here can be influenced by an individual’s background, priorities, and personal interests, mine included.

Answer 5

Renold J Asphon, President and CEO of the Corporation for Public Peace in Rome, Italy

1. Nuclear Weapons: The proliferation and potential use of nuclear weapons by states or non-state actors.

2. Terrorism: Increased terrorist activities by various extremist groups globally.

3. Regional Conflicts: Ongoing conflicts in regions like the Middle East, Africa, and Asia, such as the Israeli-Palestinian conflict or tensions between India and Pakistan.

4. Cyber Warfare: The misuse of technology to conduct cyber-attacks and disrupt critical infrastructure.

5. Climate Change: Environmental changes leading to resource scarcity, displacement, and conflicts over access to water, food, and land.

6. Geopolitical Rivalries: Growing tensions between major powers, for instance, the United States, China, and Russia.

7. Economic Instability: Global economic crises, recessions, unequal distribution of resources, and trade disputes leading to tensions among countries.

8. Ethnic and Religious Tensions: Conflicts rooted in ethnic, religious, or sectarian divisions, leading to violence and instability.

9. Human Rights Violations: Widespread disregard for human rights, including genocide, ethnic cleansing, and persecution of minority groups.

10. Radicalization and Extremism: Rising extremism, radical ideologies, and the subsequent potential for violence.


Views on the top threats to world peace differ among individuals and countries, but there are some similarities in perception. The differences primarily arise due to varying geopolitical interests, values, and priorities. Some commonly identified threats include terrorism, regional conflicts, nuclear proliferation, economic inequality, climate change, and what can be summarized as the rise of authoritarian regimes. Notably, countries experiencing ongoing conflicts tend to prioritize regional conflicts as the top threat to peace, while countries with economic and military dominance often emphasize terrorism and nuclear proliferation. Additionally, concerns about climate change have gained traction globally as an overarching threat to peace and stability. Despite these differences, there is a growing recognition among countries and individuals that addressing these concerns collectively is crucial for maintaining global peace and security.

Guss Rigne

Guss Rigne is, in another life, an English actor, director, and producer known for his roles on stage, television, and film. He joined the News i8 team in 2023.

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